Assam is predominantly an agricultural state. Over 90% of its population live in rural areas and are dependent on agriculture and this sector contributes more than 43% to the Net State Domestic Product. The geographical location, physiographic, climatic features, ethnic diversity, socio-cultural sphere are some of the peculiar features of the people of the state. By and large, crop production and animal husbandry have been way of the life rather than any commercial enterprises. The progress made in agricultural sector during the last five decades is comparatively less in Assam as compared to others stats. This is ascribed mainly to natural phenomenon, infrastructural deficiencies, inadequate input supply and extension support. Agriculture has been practiced in most traditional way.
Rice is the single most important food crop grown in about 63 per cent of gross cropped and 91 per cent of net cropped area. Food grains occupy 69.23 per cent of the gross cropped area of which rice alone covers 91.6 per cent area. Pulses and oil seeds are still to be extended both in area and productivity.
The productivity levels of most of the crops in Assam are far below than those of the national average. While productivity of rice per unit area in Assam (1359 kg/ ha) is lower by 16.2 per cent than national average, the productivity of pulses and oilseeds are 552 kg/ha and 596 kg/ha in Assam against 572 kg/ha and 480 kg/ha respectively in the country
The main crop cultivated in Sonitpur is paddy. Oilseeds are also cultivated but for the namesake. Data reveals that the cultivation and production of oilseeds particularly rapeseed and mustard have drastically reduced in the last decade. At present, 95 per cent of the rapeseed and mustard requirement of the district is met from outside the state. There is, however, a very high potential of development of the district in agricultural sector, both by increasing the cultivated area and productivity
GRAMIN being involved in rural economic development of the people of the district is lately concentrating in agricultural sector and preparing a project proposal for the same. For proper input in the plan of action, firsthand experience and ground realities are very crucial. We are, therefore, planning to take up a pilot project covering 500 bighas of cultivating land for oil-seed production specially rapeseed and mustard providing basic requirement to the farmers.
The target of this Plan of Action (POA) is 150 farmers including 50 educated youths (H.S. passed) of the following 6 villages under Biswanath Development Block with total agricultural land holding of 500 bighas of the following villages:
- Biswanath Dagaon
- Veer Gaon
The farmers will be so selected that their farm-land are adjacent to natural water sources which can minimize the cost of irrigation.
The farmers will be organized into 10 numbers of Self Help Groups (SHG) from the existing farmers and five SHGs form the green brigade.